Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania

M.A. University of Pennsylvania

M.A. University of Chicago

B.A. University of Pennsylvania


Currently writing a book on Freud as a social theorist. More broadly, research has focused on the impact of modern biological thought and of new biomedical technologies on on social life.



The Social Meaning of Modern Biology. Revised 2nd edition. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books, 1997.

The Social Meaning of Modern Biology (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.


"Was Freud a Medical Scientist or a Social Theorist? The Mysterious ‘Development of the Hero,’ " Sociological Theory 21, no. 4 (December 2003). 375-397.

"Reiff's Freud and the Tyranny of Psychology," Journal of Classical Sociology 3, no. 3 (November 2003), pp. 263-277.

"Back to Nature," Society 40, no. 2 (January/February 2003), pp. 48-52.

"The Demoralization of Bioethics," Pp. 227-41 in Society and Medicine, edited by Carla Messikomer, Judith Swazey, and Allen Glicksman. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2002.

"Psychoneuroimmunology and Religion: Implications for Society and Culture". Pp. 275-85 in The Link between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor, edited by Harold G. Koenig and Harvey Jay Cohen. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

"On Moral Blindness," Society 38, no. 5 (July/August 2001), pp. 30-32.

"The Return of the Repressed: Peter Gay's Bourgeois Experience, (5 vols.)" Society 36, no. 5 (July/August 1999), pp. 90-93.

"Anxiety and Genetic Manipulation: A Sociological View," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41, no. 4 (Summer 1998), pp. 483-90.

"Cultural Being or Biological Being: The ‘Implications’ of Modern Biology," pp. 35-48 in Evolution and Human Values, ed. by Robert Wesson and Patricia A. Williams. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1995.

"Why Freud Hated America," Wilson Quarterly XVII, no. 2 (Spring 1993), pp. 118-25.

"Are We the Sum of Our Genes?" Wilson Quarterly XVI, no. 2 (Spring 1992), pp. 77-84.

"Rationalization as Sublimation: On the Cultural Analyses of Weber and Freud," Theory, Culture and Society 9, no. 4 (November 1992), pp. 45-74.

"A False Convergence: Freud and the Hobbesian Problem of Order," Sociological Theory 9, no. 1 (Spring 1991), pp. 87-105.


Review of The Evolution-Creation Struggle by Michael Ruse. Society 43, no. 5 (July/August 2006), pp. 81-4.

Review of Our Posthuman Future, by Francis Fukuyama. Society 40, no. 4 (May/June 2003), pp. 94-96.

"The Making of a Darwinian Left", review essay on Social Darwinism, by Peter Dickens; The Triple Helix: Gene, Organism, and Environment, by Richard Lewontin; and A Darwinian Left: Politics, Evolution and Cooperation, by Peter Singer, Public Understanding of Science 10 (October 2001), pp. 435-40.

Review of The Death of Character: Moral Education in an Age Without Good or Evil, by James Davison Hunter. Society 38, no. 4 (May/June 2001), pp. 88-89. "Consilience: E. O. Wilson’s Confession of Faith," Politics and the Life Sciences 18, no. 2 (September 1999), pp. 344-46.

"Freudian Mystique: Reviews of Dr. Freud: A Life, by Paul Ferris, Freud: Conflict and Culture, edited by Michael S. Roth, and Open Minded, by Jonathan Lear". Wilson Quarterly 23, no. 2 (Spring 1999), pp. 126-128.

Review of Crossing Boundaries: Knowledge, Disciplinarities, and Interdisciplinarities, by Julie Thompson Klein, Society 36, no. 1 (November/December 1998), pp. 84-85.

Review of Unifying Biology: The Evolutionary Synthesis and Evolutionary Biology, by Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, American Historical Review 103, no. 3 (June 1998), pp. 857-58.

"Reviewing the Reviewers: The Bell Curve," American Sociologist 27, no. 2 (Summer 1996), pp. 79-86.

Review of In the Belgian Chateau: The Spirit and Culture of a European Society in an Age of Change, by Renée C. Fox. American Sociologist 26, no. 4 (Winter 1995), pp. 118-119.

Review of Darwinism, War, and History, by Paul Crook, American Historical Review 100, no. 5 (December 1995), pp. 1526-527.

"How Beastly Our Beatitudes?" Review of The Moral Animal by Robert Wright and The Hungry Soul: Eating and the Perfecting of Our Nature, by Leon Kass, Wilson Quarterly 19, no. 1 (Winter 1995), pp. 108-111.

"Theory on Steroids: Anthony Giddens on Modernity," Qualitative Sociology 17, no. 4 (Winter 1994), pp. 322-27.

"The Nature of Virtue," review essay on The Moral Sense, by James Q. Wilson, Wilson Quarterly (Fall 1993), pp. 71-73.

Review of Final Solutions: Biology, Prejudice, and Genocide, by Richard M. Lerner, International Journal of Comparative Psychology 6, no. 3 (Spring 1993), pp. 146-48.

Review of Biology and Human Freedom: An Essay on the Implications of Human Ethology, by S.A. Barnett, International Journal of Comparative Psychology (Fall 1990), pp. 187-190.

Review of The Normal and the Pathological, by Georges Canguilhem, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 21, no. 1 (Summer 1990), pp. 141-43.


"What Sociology Can Contribute to the Enterprise of Bioethics," presented at conference on "Society and Medicine: Explorations of their Moral and Spiritual Dimensions," Philadelphia, PA, November 7, 1999.

"Be Careful What You Wish For: The Implications of Research Linking Religion and Health," presented at research symposium on "Psychoneuroimmunology and the 'Faith Factor,'" Duke University Medical Center, July 12, 1999.

"Consilience: E.O. Wilson's Confession of Faith," presented at Annual Meeting of Association for Politics and the Life Sciences, Boston, MA, September 5, 1998.

"Anxiety and Genetic Manipulation. A Sociological View," presented at the Hastings Center, Harrison, New York, December 11, 1997.

"Why Freud Hated America," delivered at the 10th Anniversary Conference of Theory, Culture and Society, Champion, Pennsylvania, August 16, 1992.

Course Information

Sociological Theory

Sociology of Medicine


Theories of Human Nature

Introductory Sociology